The Rwenzori mountain dubbed mountains of the moon-are situated in western Uganda on the east side of the western Africa rift valley, along the Uganda-congo board.
Covering about 120km in length and 65km in width, these rugged and steep mountains ranges was gazetted as Rwenzori national park in 1991 and declared a world heritage site by UNESCO.
The park is known for its fascinating beauty made of a combination of 6 spectacular snow-capped peaks that include Africa’s third highest peak mt Stanley’s Margherita peak(510m),plus many glaciers, v-shaped valley, multitude of fast flowing rivers with beautiful waterfalls, clear blue skies, a unique stratified vegetation with beautiful plates life.
The park is known for the unique flora plus a number of species endemic to albertine rift valley and several that are endangered in the park. some of the outstanding unique flora encountered in the higher zones of the mountain ranges include the giant heather, ground heathers, ground-sells, ericas and lobella of the tree heath.
The mountains have five distinct vegetation zones that change with altitude. a broken Montane forest zones occurs below 2400m a bamboo zones occurs up to attitude of 3000m a tree heath vegetation zones of giant heather, frequently over 10m high, extends up to 3800m at the small altitude, although on better on soils a tangled undergrowth punctuated by mixture of small trees predominates and afro-alpine moorland zone upward to 4400m.
The park has an a diversity of wildlife that include 89 spices of mammals.4 spices of diurnal primates and 15spices of butterflies. the wildlife in the park varies with the altitude however most of them inhibit the lower slopes. some of the wildlife encountered include the Rwenzori colobus monkey, hyrax, forest elephants, chimpanzee, and I hoest monkey.
Rwenzori national park is important birding(IBA)hosting about 217 spices of birds of which 17 spices are endemic to the park plus many albertine rift endemic.the forest zones at 1800m has a diversity of birds spices including the Rwenzori Turco, barred long-tailed cuckoo,long-eared owl ,handsome francolin, cinamom-chested bee-eater, bush shrike, severals varieties of barbets, greenbuls, apalises, illadopsis, flycatchers and crimsnonwings.
The rwenzori are a world class mountaineering and hiking destination ,ranked among the top most interesting hiking destination in the worid. this is highly attributed to the challenge they present as well as the magnificent beauty that makes it the more adventurous. there are two hiking trails, the Six days central circuit and theThree days Mahoma nature trail.
The Cental circuit is the main trails for hiking the rwenzori.it takes about seven days of trekking skilled climbers can trek to the summit of the snow capped Margherita peak theThree Days Mahoma nature tailed is a short loop of about 28km.its less strenuous than the circuit and can be trekked in 1-3 days.it is for nature walks in the rwenzori mountains.
Kampala to Fort Portal and continue 70km on the Kasese.